February 28, 2012
In 2011 Google launched what they called AdWords Express dubbing it ‘the easiest way to advertise on Google.’ In this article I’ll cover some pros and cons of the service as well as clear up a few informational elements surrounding this new advertising channel and how it differs from traditional Google AdWords.
First understand that Google develop AdWords Express mainly for local businesses who want to advertise on the Internet. Because of this, you must have a mailing address for your business, however; you do have the option of hiding that address by making it private (if for example you operate a mobile only business or work out of you house and don’t want your address listed.)
With that understood, let me now give a little more depth to what AdWords Express is and how it differs from traditional Google AdWords.
AdWords Express is local search advertising—only easier. It takes just a few minutes to setup an ad and management is basically automated … meaning you don’t need to touch the account once it is up and running. Even targeting is automated. This makes it ideal for businesses that want to advertise to a local audience yet don’t want the time restraints of actually managing the account.
The example Google gives is when a user searches for ‘flowers in Dallas’ your ad shows and includes a little blue (or red in some cases) pin with it as well that marks the location on Google Maps.
Clicking that pin takes the searcher to the Google Maps page for that listing or, if the listing does not have a website, the Google Places page instead (while setting up a Google AdWords Express account, Google walks you through the process of setting up a ‘Places’ page as well.)
I find the map listing especially useful for those who may happen to be searching using a mobile device. With the many Google apps available (including Places and Maps), and the ability to target your location based on GPS (providing you turn that feature on from your cell phone), a searcher who finds your listing can, with just a few clicks, get full directions (and voice guided GPS navigation—again thanks to Google) to your store location. How’s that for delivering them right to your doorstep?
Google AdWords Express vs. Google AdWords
So you might be asking what the difference is between traditional AdWords and AdWords Express. I find the main difference is in the ‘ease of setup and management’. Where with AdWords you must perform your own keyword research, write your own ads, place your own bids and manage them, target select locations etc…, AdWords Express does all of this for you automatically (yes, including the keyword research.)
Another thing that really stands out is the fact that AdWords Express truly targets local businesses looking for local customers. If you’re looking to advertise to mass audiences across the country then stick with traditional AdWords for that. It is true, you can perform local search advertising as well through Google AdWords, but you must setup a number of variables and combine that with geo-targeting for this to occur. With AdWords express, it’s all done for you.
With all of this no in perspective, and as with anything, there are some pros and cons of AdWords Express.
Pros and Cons of Google AdWords Express
Interestingly enough, the items that are pros within AdWords Express can also be seen as cons depending on how you look at it. Let’s start with the pros:
Pros of AdWords Express:
- Ease-Setup/Easy-Use: AdWords Express enables advertisers to be running ads live online within just 5-10 minutes. Currently setup is an easy 4 step process that walks you through everything needed to get started. Unlike traditional AdWords, you setup does not require you to do any keywords research at all (which can alone be extremely time consuming) and as far as setting your bid prices, well, Google does that for you by assigning bid prices based on its bid auction model. The last step is determining your budget, but even this is automated by Google. The system automatically recommends a monthly budget based upon the data is reviews on average search volume for the type of service / product you offer.
- Local Targeting: If you want to geo-target customers on a local level with traditional Google AdWords you need to manually select the countries, states, and regions you want your ads displayed in from a map. With AdWords Express, there is no need for that as it pulls geo-graphic search areas based on your physical location (thus the need for a physical address when setting up the account.) In addition, Google will further target your ads to show only for the category you indicate. This removes the possibility of an ad for ‘flowers in dallas’ showing when a user types in ‘shoes in dallas’. This can be done with some work (and likely a list of negative keywords) in traditional AdWords, but it takes a lot of time to get it right. AdWords Express saves you that time.
- Account Automation: AdWords Express does not require you to perform manual keyword bidding or analysis. In other words, you won’t have to monitor your keyword bids and adjust them accordingly to maximize your advertising efforts and positioning. With AdWords Express, Google handles this for you to make sure your ads are displayed only at the best possible time.
Cons of AdWords Express:
Ease-Setup/Easy-Use: Being a PPC Manager myself I can say that it is far from an easy task—yet it can be an extremely profitable channel when run correctly. It takes time and diligence to get it right. This can be even tougher when trying to develop truly localized PPC campaigns.
I know from experience that running an effective PPC campaign that produces high ROI requires some human intervention. There are parts of the setup/management that you can automate but even then, you really need a human eye to get things moving in the proper direction. This is precisely why I find the automated management portion of AdWords Express a con.
When you automate a campaign you must make assumptions about your business. And this is where many PPC efforts run into trouble. When you let a software system make assumptions about your business (budget included) you miss out on vital human aspects such as intuition, reasoning, logic, experience, and research. No matter the system, these are things you can’t easily replace.
For example, when setting your budget I find it best to do ‘human research’ and have human knowledge of the business you are advertising for in order to set a budget that meets both your needs and objectives. Where Google might recommend a budget based on ‘number of clicks’ it could draw, I prefer to set budgets based upon the return they will provide me (based on historical data) and the constraints of the business involved.
Local Targeting: Again, speaking from experience here, with traditional Google AdWords you are able to target at the local level down to the individual town or city—so that only those searching in those areas will find the ad(s). On the contrary, if you let AdWords express decide your reach it may end up too broad or too narrow. Yes, with AdWords Express you also have the opportunity to target based on category, but consider this: What happens if you run a ‘rose only’ flower shop and a user searches for ‘flowers’ (let’s say this might be the ‘category’ in AdWords Express.) Will your ad show? How are the searches divided?
In traditional AdWords you can use negative keywords to eliminate searches for keywords such as ‘tulip’, ‘daisy’, etc… if you only sell roses. With AdWords Express you can’t and that is concerning.
In my testing of the ‘local’ option for AdWords Express ads (vs. those running using traditional AdWords local targeting methods) I found that performing a search for ‘flowers in dallas’ yielded local results even though I was not located in Dallas. So what you say? Those types of searches are inefficient and wasteful because they are targeting local businesses on a ‘broad search level’ (I performed the search from a machine located across the country from Dallas.)
On the contrary, if you used the traditional AdWords targeting methods, the ad would not have showed at all—unless I was in the exact locations that were targeted manually while setting it up. This type of targeting results in more qualified traffic and higher sales.
Account Automation: As was the argument I mentioned in ‘con #1′ above, full account automation can be a scary thing and one that can get you into trouble (or at the very least not produce the best returns.) I am all for automation of some tasks (even ongoing when managing PPC campaigns.) However, I also believe human ‘touch’ is also needed to maximize your effort.
AdWords Express automates your campaign based on categories not keywords (remember you don’t have access to keywords during setup.) Without the ability to target via keyword it can be questioned to the efficiency of the campaign and the traffic it attracts. For example, one particular category that is available from within AdWords Express is ‘Guitar Store.’ If you own a guitar store that sells only electric guitars, then this broad option might attract visitors who are looking for acoustic guitars and that isn’t exactly what I would consider qualified traffic.
So once again, account automation in moderation is good (and can be a big time saver.) Full account automation however, might not be best for your business.
No doubt, AdWords Express has a place and can be a great means of getting up quickly for those looking to capitalize on localized search within Google. I would recommend giving it a try if you are considering entering the local search realm, have no experience in managing traditional AdWords campaigns, and don’t have a budget to allow a professional to mange it for you (you want to do-it-yourself.)
However, for the experienced advertiser AdWords Express might not be your best option. Instead, I prefer to setup the accounts and the locally geo-target them from within the traditional AdWords interface. This provides more selective targeting and also can help with attracting more qualified traffic through the use of keywords instead of category groupings, all leading to better performance and increased ROI.
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December 20, 2011
Like the TV before it and the computer after that, at one point it may have been hard to imagine much less believe that mobile devices would be a regular part of daily life for the majority of the population. On a planet with approximately 7 billion people, 2011 saw an astonishing 5.3 billion mobile subscriptions. That’s just about 77% of the total population.
It’s no wonder that mobile ad spending worldwide is predicted to top out at $3.3 billion by the end of 2011 and jump to $20.6 billion by 2015. Much of the advertising will be driven by search ads and local ads.
Given those statistics one can’t ignore the opportunity to tap that ‘connected’ community through mobile marketing. I’ve put together some of the trends we have seen and might seen in the coming year when it comes to this channel of opportunity.
Trend 1: Ad spending to reach the mobile segments will continue to rise. Google will likely continue to be the leader in ad revenue but look for other opportunities to present themselves with time. Bing could take a bigger share of the advertising pie as well with more and more search apps that use Bing being installed on phones and devices.
Trend 2: For the time being, M-Commerce (or mobile ecommerce) has been primarily an extension of a brands current online store. Look for this trend to shift a bit as it becomes even easier to make purchases through even more mobile friendly site versions (and possibly the use of ‘mobile only offers’.)
We are already starting to see bar code scanner apps evolve to not only provide additional ‘shopping related’ information (such as price, distance to store etc…) about those items scanned, but now beginning to include “buy it now” or “add to cart” functionality on the spot (this has just happend with a recent app Amazon has launched.)
Scan it, compare it, buy it at the best price, and pick it up at the store.
Trend 3: Look for those bar scanner type apps to evolve even further in the coming year. This could result in some very healthy competition among retailers not to mention the possible greater risk for losing a customer to a competitor that physically walked into your store first.
Imagine this. You walk into a local store, find the item you wanted, scan it with your smart phone bar code reader, find the same product less than a mile away at another store … and for a better price. You buy it by clicking a button on your mobile phone and entering your payment information. The store puts the item on hold for you to pickup. What happens next? You leave the store you originally walked into only to end up at their competitor down the road with the item in hand.
How’s that for ‘shopping cart abandonment’?
Expect to see this trend offset with more and more ‘price match guarantees’. Find it somewhere else and we’ll match or beat the price on the spot.
Trend 4: Location based mobile marketing gains steam. Imagine being able to automatically market to a potential consumer that is in the area (but not directly inside) of your brick and mortar store. It’s not only a reality to some degree, but is a primary driver of what occurs with apps such as Foursquare, and Facebook Places. Take it a step further and consider this. A potential customer performs a search from their mobile device for a product that you offer.
In return they get a listing of stores directly near them who have that very product in stock. The advertising is based on GPS position of the potential customer in relation to the location of your store at a specific in time (much like ‘checking in at a specific location’ using some of the social apps that have grown in popularity.)
Like the above trend, this type of search ability should grow and if you don’t take advantage of mobile marketing based on location, you’ll be left out only to see your competitors (who take advantage of it) see the rewards.
Trend 5: Consumers expect accessibility on all levels. We now live in a world where consumers no longer rely on a desktop computer (or even a laptop) to access the internet. It is becoming second nature (although still in its infancy) to browse the internet using mobile devices-and in the near future, it is said that accessing the internet via mobile devices will surpass accessing it using any other method.
Determining which way to go-a mobile app or simply a website that is ‘mobile friendly’-will be the real issue. But you must make your business accessible on all levels if you are going to compete in this day and age.
Trend 6: Smart phone users are on the rise and were projected to reach 73.3 million by the end of 2011. At that rate, the smart phone owners will account for approximately 23% of the mobile user population. It is estimated that by 2015 they could very well represent 43% or more. As a comparison, in 2010 smart phones accounted for 21.8 of all handsets shipped worldwide.
Look for potential customers to become more engaged in 2012 as the smart phone segment continues to grow. They are going to expect better, more intuitive mobile versions of websites that allow them to easily shop and find the items they seek.
Trend 7: Social networking continues its dominance among mobile users. More and more users are frequenting social networking apps such as Facebook, Twitter, and Foursquare.
In fact, a 2010 Keynote / Adobe survey of mobile users asked them what their favorite mobile activity was and approximately 76% of respondents listed Social Networking (second only to maps and directions.)
Nielsen listed mobile social networking is the fastest-growing consumer mobile app category in 2010 and that trend continues in 2011. Many of these social networking sites are becoming portals for users accessing the internet (much like search engines were when they arrived on the scene with the advent of the internet.) Mass amounts of messaging and e-mail traffic, videos, photos, games and commerce are exchanged with each minute using these tools.
If not already doing so, marketers need to begin to think about reaching out to this channel, increasing their exposure time at every possible opportunity.
Trend 8: Optimizing websites for mobile platforms is a reality. No longer is it good enough to consider a ‘well optimized’ (non-mobile site version) the end all, be all. With the demands mobile is presenting to everyone, consideration needs to be given to continual optimization of a mobile site that aims for increases to speed, image rendering and again, accessibility. As was with the ‘desktop only’ site versions of what seems now long ago, on site usability and traditional search engine optimization rules should apply.
What mobile has in store for us in the coming year is anyone’s guess. It is clear however that it’s shaping up for staggering-possible record breaking-growth once again that simply can’t be ignored if you are to stay competitive.
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October 31, 2011
In part one of The ABCs of Ecommerce Success I outlined some important thinking which I consider makes up some very basic foundational elements of a successful ecommerce business. I talked about how many stores adopt a ‘traffic’, ‘product’, ‘website’ (TPW) mentality and how falling into this trap can often end up hurting your business before it ever has a chance.
For those that may not have read that article, my ‘traffic’, ‘product’, ‘website’ mentality proposes that stores believe all they need is traffic and if they drive enough traffic to their site, their product will sell itself. They believe the website is simply the channel by which that transaction can be made possible—nothing more.
I proposed this thinking wrong and said that presentation was far more important than any other factor—at least initially. Everyone has heard that ‘image is everything’, and that saying couldn’t hold more true than on the internet where the primary means a potential customers users to gather information in an effort to make a buying decision begins with their eyes.
Yes, with the advent of video we can stretch this. But the primary way people determine if they are interested or not in a product / company is with their eyes. Pictures, copy, layout, pricing, it all has to first pass by the eye before it ever reaches another part of the potential consumer.
So if the way to a consumer is through their eyes, then why do I find so many stores trying to sell their products with unusable, outdated, and often poorly designed sites? It makes no sense that these companies feel all they need is more traffic and their sales will increase—a false assumption that should now make perfect sense why.
My proposition is that the way to approach it if you want to find success should be thinking in terms of ‘website’, ‘product’, ‘traffic’ (WPT)—with traffic coming in last on the list. First you refine the look of the website, you refine the presentation of the product, and then you drive the traffic. With this approach, providing you let marketing and customers drive design, you should end up with a foundation that is built upon the proper principles and which is ready to convert the traffic you are driving to it.
This is all well and good, but many are going to ask, great, what happens once they get to your website? “I realize the thinking and it makes sense, but how do we apply that to the site itself? Where do we start with our efforts to get the biggest bang for out buck?”
This is a great question, and is the primary question I’ll answer using the same conceptual approach as the ‘WPT’ illustration.
When a user arrives at a website they follow what should be a pre-defined path based on their demographic profile. While traveling the path they go through a series of pages until they reach the end of their journey and either make a decision to buy, or leave. The path they travel should be well planted with information that enables them to complete what are called micro actions all leading up to the actual sale or macro action.
Understanding that a site is compromised of both micro and macro actions on multiple levels and at varying points, as well as understanding the role of each will help you identify the answer to your question “where do I start?”
In working with store owners / operators, I teach them to think in terms of each page on a website having one primary job (yet multiple sub jobs—these are the micro actions of the page itself.) Much like building a house in that each element has a job to perform which is often dependant on another for the completed project to work as it was intended (the macro action is completed.)
In other words, you don’t start building a house by working on the roof first. You need supporting structure to hold that roof if it is to perform its job as expected. Likewise you don’t begin building the walls without some type of support to put them on first (i.e. the cement foundation.) Each portion of the house has its individual role (job) and they all perform together to accomplish the primary objective. But without these items all performed in the proper order, the entire structure is in jeopardy of failing.
A site should be looked at no differently. When attempting to make incremental design changes in an effort to boost productivity of the site, you need to first determine and understand what areas of the supporting structure are weakest if you are to strengthen the complete package. There is really only one place you should get this data from, and that is within your analytics reporting. Objective data doesn’t tell lies, that is, assuming you have your analytics installed correctly of course.
Take this fairly typical path as one example. Mind you that the path could start at a product or category page if traffic enters there however, the path I presented here is a fairly common path that many visitors follow and thus we’ll use it for illustrative purposes.
The path we’ll examine for increasing productivity is that for the visitor(s) who enter at the home page, proceed to the category page, proceed to the product page, and then proceed to the checkout process. This is a very high level depiction and again, is for simple illustrative purposes in helping you understand where and why you should begin your efforts at one spot versus another.
Taking this path into account let’s apply some analytic figures to it. For this example let’s say that the overall website bounce rate is 85%, the exit rate at the category page is 30%, the exit rate at the product page is 25%, and the shopping cart abandonment during the checkout process is 50%.
Many stores I find would dive right into the shopping cart abandonment as the problem and thus focus efforts there first—not a bad idea for picking up quick sales, however; in our scenario this would not be a good starting point for increasing overall site productivity. In fact, more often than not, stores in this situation who I find focus their efforts on the shopping cart abandonment as the sole problem end up discouraged to find that although they have streamlined the checkout, the sales have not increased to the levels they expected.
The lack of increase makes sense if you consider ‘building the house the proper way.’
In other words, our problem of an 85% bounce rate is far more of an issue than the checkout abandonment at the moment. If visitors who arrive at our site leave at the same point they arrive without going any further (in our example the home page) then focusing efforts deeper in the process (i.e. the checkout) is not going to increase sales. Putting it bluntly, if the majority of visitors are not making it beyond the home page, then they aren’t even getting to the checkout process and thus focusing efforts there first isn’t going to strengthen the ultimate outcome.
Likewise, making alterations to the product level page without consideration given to the category page will do you no good. You must first concentrate your efforts to those areas of the funnel which are preventing your visitors from completing the micro actions required to ultimately achieve the macro action. Let your analytics be your guide in determining where to focus efforts at any given moment.
Success does not come from making random changes and taking estimated shots in the dark. Success comes from making incremental changes based on measurable and objective results then having the ability to weight the impact those changes have in reaching your goal.